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New Jersey Transit 5
from Newark, New Jersey
Thanks to negotiations by Shore Line Trolley Museum President Bill Wall, Seashore is finally representing the legacy of the vast Public Service system centered in Newark, Jersey City, and Elizabeth, and extending throughout northern and central New Jersey.
New Jersey Transit PCC car No. 5 was originally built by St. Louis Car in 1946 as Twin City Rapid Transit No. 324, and was one of 30 cars sold to Public Service Coordinated Transport in 1953. Most of this fleet served Newark's City Subway for an incredible 48 years, giving way to articulated LRVs in 2001.
Most Public Service lines were eliminated by the mid 1930s, with many converted to a unique hybrid trackless trolley system using nearly 600 "all service vehicles", which had motors to run as buses where wires were not built.
However, in cooperation with the City of Newark, a new streetcar subway was built in the abandoned Morris Canal bed, with the line continuing on a surface right-of-way to Franklin Avenue, adjacent to the expansive Branch Brook Park. The line opened in 1935. Route 7-City Subway ran the length of the new line, while three major car lines were routed into the subway at inner points along the line.
After World War II the feeder lines were gradually motorized, while all service vehicle operation rapidly disappeared by 1948. However, later, Public Service proposed new similar units for the subway, and even custom-ordered a sample coach from General Motors. Because public funding was unavailable for paving the line, the decision was made to stick with streetcars. The 30 late model PCC cars procured from Minneapolis provided intense high-speed service throughout their long tenure. Cars were stored and maintained inside the subway terminal, and have been consistently very well maintained under both private and public ownership. The cars have been little changed in all their years, exemplifying the ageless design of the latter style PCC car body. While considered iconic by the people of Newark, the cars were never viewed as relics. New Jersey Transit heralded the cars in a ceremonial last day on August 24, 2001, for which a PCC car shaped brochure was published.
So, while the cars never operated on other than the City Subway, the cars are renowned and highly regarded by the riders and general public.
The northern New Jersey metropolitan complex was one of America's leading manufacturing and commercial centers throughout the primary traction era, which continues today. Thus the car fills a primary role in "The National Collection of American Streetcars", and that has been so elusive until now.
Manufacturer: St. Louis Car Co.
Item Type: City and Suburban Streetcar
Description: PCC, Post-war all-electric
|Operation: Single-ended||Seats: 54|
|Trucks: 2 Clark B-2||Motors: 4 General Electric 1220E1|
|Length: 46' 5"||Width: 9' 0"||Height: 10' 2"||Weight: 37900 lbs.|